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Rspamd is used for AV handling, DKIM signing and SPAM handling. It's a powerful and fast filter system. For a more in-depth documentation on Rspamd please visit its own documentation.

Learn Spam & Ham

Rspamd learns mail as spam or ham when you move a message in or out of the junk folder to any mailbox besides trash. This is achieved by using the Dovecot plugin "antispam" and a simple parser script.

Rspamd also auto-learns mail when a high or low score is detected (see

The bayes statistics are written to Redis as keys BAYES_HAM and BAYES_SPAM.

You can also use Rspamd's web UI to learn ham and / or spam or to adjust certain settings of Rspamd.

Learn Spam or Ham from existing directory

You can use a one-liner to learn mail in plain-text (uncompressed) format:

# Ham
for file in /my/folder/cur/*; do docker exec -i $(docker-compose ps -q rspamd-mailcow) rspamc learn_ham < $file; done
# Spam
for file in /my/folder/.Junk/cur/*; do docker exec -i $(docker-compose ps -q rspamd-mailcow) rspamc learn_spam < $file; done

Consider attaching a local folder as new volume to rspamd-mailcow in docker-compose.yml and learn given files inside the container. This can be used as workaround to parse compressed data with zcat. Example:

for file in /data/old_mail/.Junk/cur/*; do rspamc learn_spam < zcat $file; done

CLI tools

docker-compose exec rspamd-mailcow rspamc --help
docker-compose exec rspamd-mailcow rspamadm --help

Disable Greylisting

You can disable rspamd's greylisting server-wide by editing:


Simply add the line:

enabled = false;

Save the file and then restart the rspamd container.

See Rspamd documentation